Abstract


EXPLORING TRADE-OFFS, LIKELIHOOD OF IMPLEMENTATION AND EQUITABILITY IN TRANSBOUNDARY MARINE RESERVE NETWORKS IN THE PHILIPPINES

Scholars and development groups have created guidelines for optimal designs of marine reserve networks that could achieve multiple objectives. However, as in the case of individual marine reserves, effectively implementing and enforcing these network designs depend on social, economic and political factors. There is increasing recognition that the spatial fit of governance, ecosystems, and ecological processes is also a key factor to consider when designing and implementing reserve networks. Configurations of marine reserves within a network will vary depending on the spatial extent of governance units. Hence, institutional arrangements that can accommodate transboundary arrangements for reserves will be required for reserve networks that span multiple governance units. These arrangements will also require mechanisms that can reallocate costs and benefits of implementing marine reserve network designs equitably across governance units. In the Philippines, alliances of local governments are advocated to scale up to form marine reserve networks. These alliances usually have 2-3 local government members, some including all coastal local governments within provinces. We explore how varying governance arrangements affect network design configurations for different objectives, and discuss the trade-offs between achievement of objectives and likelihood of their functionality for each scale. Some mechanisms are proposed that could ensure that the costs and benefits of networks are equitably distributed across governance units.

Authors

Horigue, V., University of the Philippines, Philippines, vera.horigue@googlemail.com

Villanoy, C. L., University of the Philippines , Philippines, c.villanoy@gmail.com

Solera, L. A., University of the Philippines, Philippines, leilani.solera@gmail.com

Juinio-Meñez, M. A., University of the Philippines, Philippines, annettemenez@gmail.com

Aliño, P. M., University of the Philippines, Philippines, alinoperry018@gmail.com

Pressey, R. L., James Cook University, Australia, bob.pressey@jcu.edu.au

Details

Oral presentation

Session #:70
Date: 06/21/2016
Time: 14:30
Location: 302 A/B

Presentation is given by student: No