Abstract


INTEGRATED CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT: EVALUATING A COMMUNITY-BASED MARINE PROTECTED AREA PROJECT FOR EQUALITY OF SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS

Despite the prevalence of protected areas, evidence of their impacts on people is weak and remains hotly contested in conservation policy. A key question in this debate is whether socioeconomic impacts vary according to social subgroup. Given that social inequity can create conflict and impede poverty reduction, understanding how protected areas can differently affect people is critical to designing them to achieve social and biological goals. Here, we assessed whether the socioeconomic impacts of marine protected areas – designed to achieve the dual goals of conservation and poverty alleviation – differed according to age, gender or religion in associated villages in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Using data from pre-, mid- and post-implementation of the MPAs for control and project villages, we found some empirical evidence that impacts on five key socioeconomic indicators differed according to social subgroup. We found significant inequality of impacts to environmental knowledge in relation to age and religion over the medium and long term. These findings help elucidate the pathways through which the impacts of the MPAs occurred, and may be used to improve targeting of management activities. Further, our evaluation identified some key limitations of current approaches to impact evaluation in relation to social equity, and thus provides guidance for future research in understanding how protected areas affect people.

Authors

Gurney, G. G., ARC Centre for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Australia, georgina.gurney@gmail.com

Pressey, R. L., ARC Centre for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Australia

Cinner, J., ARC Centre for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Australia

Pollnac, R., University of Rhode Island , USA

Campbell, S., Wildlife Conservation Society Indonesia, Indonesia

Details

Oral presentation

Session #:69
Date: 06/20/2016
Time: 18:00
Location: 302 A/B

Presentation is given by student: No