Abstract


OCEAN WARMING AND ACIDIFICATION SYNERGISTICALLY INCREASE CORAL MORTALITY

CO2-driven ocean warming (OW) and acidification (OA) has prompted urgent research to assess their potential effects on the marine environment, with strong emphasis on calcifying organisms. To correctly predict how these stressors will affect marine organisms, their synergistic effects must be assessed. Here we investigate the interactive effects of OW and OA on the mortality and growth of three Mediterranean coral species: the solitary zooxanthellate Balanophyllia europaea, the solitary non-zooxanthellate Leptopsammia pruvoti and the colonial non-zooxanthellate Astroides calycularis. Corals were transplanted, in different seasons, in proximity to a volcanic CO2 vent where water is naturally acidified to levels matching future IPCC scenarios. We show a strong synergistic adverse effect on mortality rates of the three species. Net calcification rates of the zooxanthellate species were not affected by reduced pH, while those of the two non-zooxanthellate species were negatively affected, indicating that different levels of resilience/resistance to OW and OA among species in symbiosis with photosynthetic algae or asymbiotic ones may be related to different modes of nutrition and/or biomineralization processes. Natural CO2-leaking marine sites can provide essential information on the combined effects of OA and OW on Mediterranean scleractinian corals, which may help understand to which extent different corals will be threatened by increasing atmospheric CO2 pollution.

Authors

Prada, F., University of Bologna, Italy, fiorella.prada2@unibo.it

Caroselli, E., University of Bologna, Italy, erik.caroselli@unibo.it

Mengoli, S., University of Bologna, Italy, stefano.mengoli@unibo.it

Fantazzini, P., University of Bologna, Italy, paola.fantazzini@unibo.it

Capaccioni, B., University of Bologna, Italy, bruno.capaccioni@unibo.it

Pasquini, L., University of Bologna, Italy, luca.pasquini@unibo.it

Levy, O., Bar-Ilan University, Israel, levyor@mail.biu.ac.il

Weaver, J. C., Harvard University, USA, James.Weaver@wyss.harvard.edu

Fabricius, K. E., Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia, K.Fabricius@aims.gov.au

Dubinsky, Z., Bar-Ilan University, Israel, dubinz@mail.biu.ac.il

Falini, G., University of Bologna, Italy, giuseppe.falini@unibo.it

Goffredo, S., University of Bologna, Italy, s.goffredo@unibo.it

Details

Oral presentation

Session #:32
Date: 06/23/2016
Time: 14:45
Location: 314

Presentation is given by student: No